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Ireland in Schools

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New KS3 History PoS: Ireland & the Tudors

A. Single lessons

B. Study units
C. Other resources
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A. Single lessons

2.1. Propaganda in the 16th century

HA workshop

Visual sources: (A) Catholic propaganda print, showing martial law used against Irish Catholic dissidents as well as political enemies. (B) Tudor representation of the outdoor dining habits of an Irish king.

1. Sit in pairs, back to back, and one describes to the other the visual sources A or B.
Or Working in pairs, give labels to the visual sources, A and B.

2. Look again at source B - the Irish king dining outdoors. A woodcut, it is one of the few visual sources we have of Ireland in the 16th century.
a. What can you learn from the picture?
b. Does it give you any clue about the engraver’s opinion of the Irish?

2.2. Why were so many ships of the Spanish Armada wrecked off the west coast of Ireland?
Wirral workshop

1. On map A, plot the Irish Armada wrecks, using, where possible, source D, listing the ship name and date against the wreck site.
a. Reasons for the numerous wrecks - weather, etc.
b. Pattern of wrecks, geographical features, etc.

2. Using the lyrics and music of ‘The Spanish Armada’ (source E), explore why there were so many Spanish ships wrecked off the west coast of Ireland.

B. Study units
2.3. Tudor Ireland
A fortune line comparing
the lives of
Elizabeth I & Grace O’Malley
Blackpool Pilot Scheme - Thinking skills exercise)

1. Sequence of activities
2. Fortune line
3. Cards for sorting & placing on fortune line
4. Plenary: What & how have we learned - thinking words

2.4. Who should control Ireland: Tudor monarchs or Irish lords?
Birmingham Pilot Scheme

1. What happened at Mullaghmast in 1578?

Scenario: Baby whiteboard with written sources in centre with visuals on laminated card.
a. Underline in colour A any information in each of the blue sources that helps you understand what happened.
b. Underline in colour B any words which suggest that these events were shocking.
c In what way, if at all, do these sources help to explain the woodcuts.
d. Write a short report, 20-30 words, of what happened.
e. In pairs, look at both accounts again and decide on the similarities and differences between them.
f. What more would you like to know about this massacre? Formulate some questions, to which you would like answers.

2/3. Why did the massacre of Mullaghmast take place?

4. Was their Irish policy worthwhile for the Tudors?
Scenario: Two talking heads with speech bubbles. A hard line Tudor official and a softer line Tudor official.
a. As a class, using work from the previous lesson, establish some criteria by which to judge whether their Irish policy was worthwhile for the Tudors.
b. Divide class into six groups, three for each head. Each group a. looks at sources below in order to support their case and to rebut arguments against; b. selects four to six sources that are most useful in supporting each of the two views; and c. fills in four to six speech bubbles.

Note for teachers:

Worksheets for students:
Narrative for students:

2.5. The Tudors & Ireland
Trafford Pilot Scheme

1. Henry VIII and Ireland. A new policy?
2. How successful was the Protestant Reformation in Ireland?
3. How did Elizabeth respond to the threat from Ireland?

C. Other resources
2.6. Who should control Ireland?

An account for students of the Tudor attempt to control Ireland in the 16th century:

2.7. Tudor images of Ireland

John Derrick, Image of Ireland, 1581, with its telling woodcuts, one of the most influential publications which presented the Irish in a bad light, partly to explain and justify the forward policy in Ireland.

2.8. The eclipse of Gaelic Ireland in Bardic poetry

Poems reflecting the English conquest of Ireland and the death of Gaelic society through confidence, foreboding and eclipse.

2.9. British Library
Ireland: Propaganda & plantions

Sources & activities
1. Irish priests attacked (1583)
2. An English view of Irish customs (1581)
3. An English view of Plantation (1612)
4. The Munster Rebellion (1599)
5. A Plantation Estate (1598)
6. Massacres of Protestants (1641)
2.10. Why was Steven Ellis's Ireland in the age of the Tudors attacked by other historians of Ireland?

Historians’ disagreements about Ireland in the sixteenth century and the Tudor conquest.